1948-10-01 – AEC – Looking for storage space for drums of Uranium ore in St Louis Area

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1944-11-28 – Manhattan Project – Security Lapses at Mallinckrodt Chemical Works

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This docm~en’ consists Of. •••.~ • ••.p ages(,.;/ ‘.•
No ~ A~ __ I-__ ~ of. ~ _ CGY:·o;::. ::~-::.!,j.e3. __ y.,.~-·~
P. O. Box 6770·A
28 November 1944 “ill > ill
r< z Q SUBJECT: ~ « Safeguarding Military Information, Mallinckrodt Chern ~ Works, St. Louis, Missouri. ~ TO: The Area Engineer P. O. Box 42, Station F New York, New York « ~ u ill o >.
5H>~”‘ct;;:””””—c-4QI z
Through: Lt. D. S. Teeple, P. O. Box 42, Station F, ~
New York, New York. s- ill .”…
1. In accordance with request from your office, special, 8:;
attention was given to the safeguarding of military informatiou·_””-‘—‘-;.-=-:.:.-..:.-:;:….::,
during a recent Security Survey of Subject facility by b~. G. W.
Wheaton of this office.
2. It was learned that onl9 October 1944, the former St~ Louis
Area Engineer sent to the contractor a request that the guards make a
nightly inspection of all desk surfaces for exposed classifiedinformation
end of all files and safes to determine that the;v had been
properly locked. .
3. This proposal was rejected by the contractor on 7 November
1944, as it was not desired to have guards inspeot papers on desks
because most of the people interested in the M.E.D. work also are
engaged in other Mallinckrodt acthities. At the same time a bulletin
was sent to all key personnel on the project that all classified information
must be securely locked up at night.
4. A night inspection was made by Mr. Wheaton with Intelligence
Agent, M. F. Game of the main offices of the project in Building No. 25
and of the office in Plant No.4. It was found that all safes and
filing cabinets were properly locked where locka were provided.
5. However, in Building No. 25, inspection of the contents of
four,. desks which were not locked revealed such secret manuals as:
~’ ‘. a. Tube Alloy Process Report
j b. Control Tests for Special Products
l” ” /c. Ether Extraction Studies
~(0 ‘\ .~( . -1-,; d. Ignition Temperature of Green Salt-Magnesium
~ “‘,”<... rb Mixtures and Related Subjects. \~\ ~ . .' ~\~. ...,. \" , ~; ,sr~:r0\~'r-!l. ¢' [ \~C\.\. JI"\S S\FlED .. ~ ~-~ ~-t , ' ~r jOq /'30 EIDM CIP-l 28 November 1944 SUBJECT: Safeguarding Military Information, MallincY..rodt Chemical Works, St. Louis, Missouri. 6. Also, in these desks was found material which was not classified, but which properly should have been, such as: a. Shipping Schedules for Chemioals 306 and 264. b. New Procedures for North and South Extractors o. Control Tests fqr Manufaoturing Tube Alloy . . 7. While the office in Building 25 is visited hourly by a patrolling guard, it is readily adcessible to personnel working nights in the Mallinckrodt Chemical Works; but who have no oonnection with the M.E.D. projeot. 8. In the office of Plant No.4, considerable classified material and muoh that should have been olassified was found on top of desks, in open desks, and in a file oabinet not equipped with a look. This material comprised various operating prooedures used in Plant No. 4 and also Daily Reports and Tally Sheets showing the exact daily production of shippable ingots. 9. This offioe is in the well-guarded Plant No.4, accessible on+Y to cleared employees, but at night it is not regularly oooupied, and personnel not authorized to have classified information would be able to obtain it without any restriotion. 10. A conference was held 21 November i944, attended by Lt. E. M. Velten, Area Engineer; Mr. J. Fistere, Jr. Projeot Direotor; Mr. H. E. Thayer, Assistant Projeot Direotor and Seourity Agent; Dr. Harrington, Manager, Plant No.4; Mr. Game and Mr. Wheaton. . 11. It was learned that the management had felt that the storage of olassified material in locked desks provided satisfactory seourity and that suoh material in Plant No. 4 did not need any speoial seourity because of the guard proteotion. It was also brought out that there had never been any established prooedure for olassifying data on production figures and operation methods unless prepared for mailing or as a formal report or manual. 12. After a thorough discussion, it was agreed that a survey would be made by Mr. Thayer and an assistant, Mr. S. Anonsen, to determine if additional locked file oabinets are needed and every effort will be' made to store olassified information in accordance with . Intelligence Bulletin No. ;. 13. A bulletin will be issued by Mr. Thayer to all personnel advising that any and all notes, reports, letters, production records, drawings. eto. should be properly classified where furnishing a true pioture ;f the daily produotion of various materials, quality beir~ produced and desoriptions of processes and operating procedures. C:[~ ~nk..1 , " EIDM CIP-l SUBJECT: Safeguarding Military Information, Works, st. Louis, Missouri. 28 November 1944 Mallinokrodt Chemioal 14. Mr. Thayer am Mr. Anonsen will regularly review with all personnel affeoted, the proper olasSifioation am storage of material for which they are responsible. 15. It was also agreed to adopt a system whereby a speoifioally designated employee in each offioe will be responsible to see that safes am files are properly locked each night am that all olassified information is removed from desks. 16. It is expected that the management of this projeot will oooperate in every way possible to oorreot the oonditions disoussed at this oonferenoe. 17. The next morning Mr. Thayer made a careful study of comitions in Plant No.4. A locked vault is to be provided adjoining the guardls headqu81-ters on the first floor for all information ofa olassified nature which is no longer regularly used, and that kept in the office is to be stored in seourely looked cabinets. Material will be properly ol~qsified in the future in this office, it was promised. 18. Mr. Game made another night inspection 24 November 1944, am found tangible evidence that improvements are already in progress. In the Projeot Offioe in Building No. 25, no classified material was found in the desks where readily acoessible earlier in the week. However, Mr. Yeager, who has been one <:if the leading offenders was foundto have olassified material in his desk whioh was looked but easily opened. Seourity Agent Thayer gave positive instruotions to Mr. Yeager the next day that he absolutely must make use of the looked filing oabinets provided in this office. 19. In the office in Plant No.4, two filing cabinets were found to have been provided with bars and padlocks. A similar secure looking arrangement had been provided on the right hand drawers of one of the desks in this office. No classified information was found on or in open desks. The production tally sheets are now locked in a filing cabinet at night. 20. The filing cabinet in the Engineering Department where classified drawings are kept is now equipped with a substantial bar am padlock device. . 21. Personnel in the various office sections have already been given seourity talks by Mr. Thayer am he am Mr. Anonsen will continue to check that security regulations are being enforced. -3- ~t:~ i j. j . I,. . r EIDM CIP-1 28 November 1944 SUBJECT: Safeguarding Military Information, Mallinckrodt ChemicaJ. Works, st. Louis, Missouri. 22. The Security Survey covering Subject facility is being forwarded this date to the St. Louis Area Engineervdth an extra copy for Mr. Th~er, who has agreed to follow all of the recomniendations therein, relating to Safeguarding Military Information. 23. It has been quite difficult because of an inadequate description to' locate a reported Mallinckrodt employee who is said to have made the statement to an informant that he worked "in the Uranium Plant", but Intelligence Agent Game will continue to work on this case and when fovxrl, caution the violator against loose talk. '24.' Such instanees of loose talk among 'employees at this project have been rare during the past few months. The security education program at this facility consists of a large number of well-chosen pOsters displ~ed throughout the project areas, and reminders are issued each month on payday on the importance of Safeguarding Military Information. ' 25. Intelligence Agent Game will continue to report everywo weeks on progress being made at this facility. Now that a definite program has been established by the contractor, a material improvement in security conditions ia anticipated. • I. Officer cc: Lt. Col. W. B. Parsons, P. O. Box E, Oak Ridge, Tenn. cc: Mr. M. Frank Game, P. O. Box 36, Bremen Station, St. Louis, Mo.


1978-02-01 – DOE – Summary of Manhattan Project Uranium Flow Sheet

J. L. Livenaan, ASEV
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t. G~ Hnlatt, H:latorian ‘a
Office, XS
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MID hiatory. The re•iev pray idea a tnterutina perapect~•• a4 ida.ctfi-
the fU11Ctiona of tbe var1oua titea ccma1dered 1D the Pcmaerl7
ft111Ad Mm:J/AE.C Site Survey l’ro&r•·
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cc v/o uc.ll A. J. Whi.t:ma:n. ~
bee: V. E. Mot t, ECT
R. Fros t , Aerospace
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VUliam. E. Matt” Director
Dlrisiou of Rnviroum.ental
Caatrol TecbQology
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Records Ho1dlng Mea
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!<- •• • .. Memo to the rues THRU: :Robert W. Ramsey, Jr., Assistant Director for Nuclear Programs ·Division of Environmental Control Technology, OOE-HQ DECON'l'AMINA.TION Al'm DECOMMISSIONING: REVIEW OF MANHATTAN DIS'IRICT HIS'IORY ( CIASSll''IED OOCUMENTS) - MED .:.· The subject history is comprised of eight ( 8) books containing J6 volumes which are further di v.Ld.ed into parts am sections. The historr. covers the activities of the Manhattan District frOm prior to its inception on August 16, 1942, untU the. entire project was turned over to the U.s. AEC through the Atomic Energr Act of 19 46 on December 31, 1946. Hr. Robert W. Ramsey, Jr. asked that I review the subject documents to ascertain i! the list of si.tes, previously used (during the Manhattan ..... D1strict activities) for operations involving Uranium ores, oxides, . daughter products or other related radioactive materials, was complete in that no locations associated with the MED were omitted from the previously compiled list o! si.tes. I understood. that the subject documents were not reViemed by those that compiled the original list ?t "~AEC-ERDA Previously Used Sites." To make an indepth review of the MED history would take an undue length· or time and produce much unusable data (in regard to the information required). Therefore, Book I, volume I, which contained general information includ.Ulg a combined tab~e of contents_ (appendix B) was reviewed. · This table of contents was broken down by book, volume, chapter, section, and/or par~graph arn appendices. Also within the table of contents was an introduction to the history which inc~u.des, in paragraph number 1-5, page 1.15, "What tha History Contai.ns." This paragraph gives very briefly (a paragraph to a few pages) a description of the content for the various books and volumes. The comprehensive table of contents was reviewed to determine what 'books would be applicable to, :m::l .furnish the information requested by, Mr .. Ramsey. It appeared from this study that Book VII, Volume 1 and 2, entitled "Feed Material, Special Procurement and Geographical Exploration," 'ht)uld furnish the required. data. In conjtmction with Book VII, Book I, volume 9, was also read. '!1lis volume entitled "Priorities Program" only mentions uranium once when the "Uranium Project" was given the highest priority by President Roosevelt. The volume does mt discuss "feed material" and talks to non-ra.d.ioacti ve materials, re: steel, aluminum, silver, machinery, lumber, etc. Based on the above, attention was focused on the content of Book VII, Volume 1. The ir..formation contained therein contained data relative to .feed r::.aterials and special procurement. Part A wa.s "General Features.'' "Part B-Procurement" dealt with materials from Africa, Canada, and the U.S., Market and !1iscellaneous Procurement., and Pr-ocurement of Other :·11'·, . . . ~- .. . , .·.·.~ lt·; • . I 1 l I i 1 r ! ..~. . ~ . -.··.: ~.·-.-· .. . :· ... ;•. .. · .,.. . ,..,. •· Radi.oacti ve Materials. Part C talked ·to the refining, treatment, sZJd . · . .·., production of the various ores, oxides, metals, Thorium, Quality · -···· Control., and. Accountability. . ·c:·#~~ 'lbe procurement, storage, am processing of the basic raw materials . containing uranium is summed up as follows: •·. ·:·····. -~:-· The ores ard/or oxides received from the African sources -were stored · ·. in various warehouses. These storage areas were: (l) Archer-Daniels-Medlend co. 'Warehouse, Port Richmond, staten Island, NY (prior to the _ , MED); (2) Seneca Ordanance Depot, Romulus, NY}· (3} Clinton ~er· .,!'"-::-, Works, Clinton (Oak Ridge), Tennessee; and (4 Perry Warehouse, Hiddl.esex, NJ. The main storage area was the Perry Warehouse. The. bulk of. the African ores were stored there. This location also became a sampling, weighing, and assaying facility. Inasmuch as the contract · 14th the African source called for only the black oxide, the tailing and residue containing the radium and other precious metals were returned to the verrlor. Those residues from ores conta:i.id.ng greater· than l~ U o8 were stored at the Clinton Engineer Works, Tennessee, ·or at the ~erry Warehouse, Middlesex, NJ, prior to shipment. back to the -vemor. Residues from ores containing less than 1~ tr1o8 were stored at t.he Lake Ontario Ordanance WOrks prior to sh:l.pment to the wmor. Some of the residues were returned to the Belgium f'acility of African Metals, aDd some is still at the U.S. storage sites. The .A.tri.can ores samples were assayed arrl weighed by Lucius Pitken, Hew York City, NY; Ledoux and CO., New York Ci.ty, NY; and Frick Chemical. Laboratory, Princeton University 1 Princetown, NJ. Tbe African ores t-rere refined to black oxides (U10~) at facilities of the Linde Ai.r Products Co.,. Tonawanda, NY; Eldo~do Mining and Refiiii.ng Ltd., Fort Hope, Ontario, Canada; and Vitro Manufacturing Co. , Cannonsburg, PA. The Canadian ores were refined at the Port Hope facility of the Eldorado M1ning and Refinery Ltd. The .American ores (Carnotite) ~:ere processed tor Vanafll.um by U.S. Vanadium Corp. at Uravan, Colorado. The Vanadium sand tailings were also processed at the USV Uravan plant for Uran:i.um Oxide. These went d.irectly to Linde. They (USV) also had a plant at Dur~o, CO, for processing Vanadium tailings and sands to produce a green sluge. The output from the USV Durando and Uravan facilities went to Grand Junctio~, Colorado, for processing to yellow sluge (15% U10g) that in t-.;...-n went to the Linde refinery at Tonawanda, NY. anies and locations noted in flow o£ Uranium ores, tailings,
or slimes to the :finished product have been accounted for in the listing
of “MED-AEC-EliDA Sites Previously Used’f as complied by ECT. There were
;oo companies or organizations ttat could not be accounted for in this
particular phase of the MED history that I reviewed.
_a., a side note, the Thorium obtained for RMl at Iowa State College was
all procured by Lindsay Light and Chemical Co., West Chicago, IL. This
COmpallT i!J also accounted for in the aforementioned listing.
Quality control of various processes in the ore/metal chain tiere done by
University of Chicago, Hetallurgy Lab, Chicago, n.;. Princeton University,
Princeton, NJ; MIT, Cambridge, I-!A; and t..”BS, Washington, DC. All these
organizations are on the aforementioned listings. ) AI .,;) L~
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.kthur ,- • Whitman, Assistant
to the Director
Bioenvironmental Sciences Division
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~ICIC <:H£1111. LA& f'RINC:n'ON UNIV. f'RINCIEfOM, N.J. VARsoui A£FIJIIMitS ----------------------~ TAILINGS Slt)IWIE P'Oit ,._ _______ ., AI'IIICAN Mf:TALS C.. 4/SV- li!oiR:II $'1af(S -oiiDoW ~ ve"- ~~~ .... ~ ,. ._.,," IIIICW- tMLLI'-CKIIOOT (;~·~~ C. MCW MUIHI.Aitt wew 4otrot1T ILICTIIIOI«t


1943-01-28 – Mallinckrodt – Staff Associated with Manhattan Project

REPOSITORY ;tiM d 112 Jf/}-‘(; f 4-tfol/t~J
l2 if- 3..2 6 – J.-.r-lf?.r- .
COLLECTION eu1uctL C-E/f/[jfl'{L /:’1 /e..f
BOXNo. /;+
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Colonel R. G. Marshal.1
The District Engineer
M•nhattan District
P. o. Box 42, Station F
New York, N. I.
Dear Colonel Marshalls
A. IJ C. SIX1″H E:O.
Referring to your lett.er of January 6 relative to our.organi-
~ation chart~ I regret that in the press of other matters there ha.a been
some delay in replying.
In order to pr-osecute this project with the best possible
speed and at the same time maintain all possible· s.ecrecy > we have found
it necessary to organize a group who are responsible for thie project and
who do not necessarily function through usual channels of our cosps.ny
organization.· ·The following is a list or the personnel responsible for
the operation of this project, together with the particular function of
Project leader, reeponsible for the administration
and over-all coordination of activities Mr. H .. v. Farr
Aesistant project leader, responsible for plant
construction and operation ~- L. s. Williama
Chemica.l. research and process development Dr. J. R. Lacher
Control and operation of Oxide Plant Dr. J. A. Kyger
Engineering Wld equipment design Dr. c. E. Winters
2003801 Procuremeni of materials and correspondence
coordination :itr. H. E. Thayer
Analytical Dr. c. R. Conard
… ,.., —;.-,-i Dr. A• ~. Butler ·—: -. A….._ _
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as foll<»•ec U. iaallir.clt:roat f"P 2003802 •.._..,._, / Mr. s. ~ .. • • n. ~r .. T .. ,. ( ( .>
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1’i~terG, Jr.


1943-01-28 – Mallinckrodt – Receipt from War Department for Material from Canadian Radium and Uranium Corporation

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-and- ~_
United States Engineer Ottioe,
MB.nhattan District • ~
P.O~ Box 42 .;; Station F.
New York, N.Y;
Mal1inckradt Chemioal Works,
~~P’O. Box·No. 8 – Bremen Station,
. St. Louis. Mo~
Net Cash VIA
DATE ~anuary 28, 1943.
Quantity . ~
::: DESCRIPTION Price Amount
13,157.; Lbs.- -,Mc.::308
198<' Me l;l57,Jobs. 2' 00'0' .~ • 2;.QOQ 2.000 . 2;P00 2;000 2';000- 13;Wl'Lbs. 98 • .,% 98.7 get'~ 98.5 98.5 98.5 98.5 1 ~·9?O~ 1;9-70' 1;970' 1,.970 1;970<' 12; 9&7-Lbs.>
$ 1.895
.~. :

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