2014-04-30 – EPA – West Lake Landfill – Gravatt, Dan – If we help public we will be giving their work credibility

Gravatt, Dan From: Tapia, Cecilia Sent: To: Cc: Wednesday, April30, 2014 3:53PM Gravatt, Dan Subject: Field,... View Document

Post

2014-09-29 – EPA – West Lake Landfill – Karl Brooks West Lake Landfill Earth City Meeting Talking Points

ATTENDEES:
WEST LAKE LANDFILL EARTH CITY MEETING
Monday, September 29, 2014
11:00 a.m. -12:00 p.m.
John Basilica, Senior Consultant, Earth City Board of Trustees (EPA contact)
Steve Schulte, Trustee/Chairman, Earth City Board of Trustees
Michael Reynoso, Trustee, Earth City Board of Trustees
Terry McCaffrey, Trustee, Earth City Board of Trustees
Brad Weston, Trustee, Earth City Board of Trustees
Toby Martin, Senior Vice President, Duke Realty Corporation*
Jon Hinds, Vice President, Duke Realty Corporation
Christy Lucido, Senior Property Manager, Duke Realty Corporation
Ryan Hodges, President, Earth City Levee District
Jerry Leigh, President, AMCI, Inc.*
*Duke Realty is the largest property owner within Earth City.
* AMCI Inc. is another property owner/developer within Earth City.
The attendees of this meeting represent senior leadership of Earth City; Duke Realty, and AMCI,
Inc. Staff level employees are not anticipated to attend.
LOCATION: Frontenac Bank
The meeting will take place in a conference room within Frontenac Bank. There will be a
conference phone available. We will open a conference line here in the Regional Office and
Shawn Grindstaff will dial in from the meeting room’s conference phone.
STAFF: Shawn Grindstaff will attend in person: 636-358-9154. Ben Washburn,
Mary Peterson, Dan Gravatt, Jeff Field, and Lynn Slugantz will attend by phone.
TOPIC/S:
• Isolation Barrier
• Subsurface Smoldering Event
• EPA Progress
• Next Steps
FORMAT: 1 hour meeting with Q&A
This will be an opportunity for you to share with the Earth City Board of Trustees and major
businesses/property owners the status of work being done at the West Lake Landfill site, discuss
concerns and answer questions
BACKGROUND MATERIALS:
Talking points – (p. 2)
Questions submitted by Earth City Board of Trustees – (p. 5)
Additional questions and answers- (p. 7)
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0057220
Talking Points
West Lake Landfill Earth City Meeting Talking Points
Karl Brooks, Regional Administrator
September 29, 2014
1. Site Background
The West Lake Landfill Superfund Site is located on a 200-acre parcel about one
mile north of the I-70 interchange within the city limits of Bridgeton, Mo., in
northwestern St. Louis County. The Earth City Industrial Park is adjacent to the
Site on the west. The Spanish Village residential subdivision is located less than
one mile to the south and a trailer park is located Y2 mile to the southeast.
Two areas of the Site were radiologically-contaminated in 1973 when soils mixed
with leached barium sulfate residues were used as daily and intermediate cover in
the landfill operations. The barium sulfate residues, containing traces of uranium,
thorium, and their long-lived daughter products, were some of the uranium ore
processing residues generated by Mallinckrodt at its downtown St. Louis plant
and were initially stored by the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) on a 21.7-acre
tract ofland in a then undeveloped area of north St. Louis County, now known as
the St. Louis Airport Site (SLAPS). This area is part of the St. Louis Formerly
Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program managed by the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers (COE). The radium and lead-bearing residues- known as K-65
residues- were stored in drums prior to being relocated to federal facilities in
New York and Ohio.
In 1966 and 1967, the remaining residues from SLAPS were purchased by a
private company for mineral recovery and placed in storage at a nearby facility on
Latty A venue under an AEC license. Most of the residues were shipped to Canon
City, Colorado for reprocessing except for the leached barium sulfate residues,
which were least valuable in terms of mineral content, i.e., most of the uranium
and radium was removed in previous precipitation steps. Reportedly, 8,700 tons
of leached barium sulfate residues were mixed with approximately 39,000 tons of
soil and then transported to the Site. According to the landfill operator, the soil
was used as cover for municipal refuse in routine landfill operations. The data
collected during the Remedial Investigation (RI) are consistent with this account.
The quarry pits were used for permitted solid waste landfill operations beginning
in 1979. In August 2005, the Bridgeton Sanitary Landfill (Former Active
Sanitary Landfill) stopped receiving waste, pursuant to an agreement with the city
of St. Louis to reduce the potential for birds to interfere with airport operations.
The Site is divided into two operable units (OUs), each with identifying areas.
OU -1 consists of radiological areas 1 and 2 and the Buffer Zone/Crossroad
Property; OU-2 consists of the other landfilled areas which did not receive any of
the radiologically-contaminated soil:
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0057221
OU-1:
• Radiological Area 1 -Approximately 10 acres are impacted by radionuclides.
The radionuclides are in soil material that is intermixed with the overall landfill
matrix consisting of municipal refuse. The total volume of radiologicallyimpacted
materials is estimated at 33,500 cubic yards.
• Radiological Area 2 – This area was also part of the unregulated landfill
operations conducted prior to 1974. Approximately 30 acres are impacted by
radionuclides. The radionuclides are in soil material that is intermixed with the
overall landfill matrix consisting mostly of construction and demolition debris.
The total volume of radiologically-impacted materials is estimated at 302,000
cubic yards.
• Buffer Zone/Crossroad Property – This property, also known as the Ford
Property, lies west of Radiological Area 2 and became surficially-contaminated
when erosion of soil from the landfill berm resulted in the transport of
radiologically-contaminated soils from Area 2 onto the adjacent property.
OU-2:
• Closed Demolition Landfill -This area is located on the southeast side of
Radiological Area 2. This landfill received demolition debris. It received none of
the radiologically-contaminated soil. It operated under a permit with the State
and was closed in 1995.
• Inactive Sanitary Landfill -This landfill is located south of Radiological Area 2
and was part of the unregulated landfill operations conducted prior to 197 4. The
landfill contains sanitary wastes and a variety of other solid wastes and
demolition debris. It received none of the radiologically-contaminated soil.
• Former Active Sanitary Landfill – This municipal solid waste landfill, known as
the Bridgeton Landfill, is located on the south and east portions of the Site. The
landfill is subject to a State permit, which was issued in 1974. This landfill
received none of the radiologically-contaminated soil. Landfill operations ceased
in 2005 and closure and post-closure activities are currently in progress by
MDNR in accordance with Missouri Solid Waste rules and regulations.
2. Ongoing Activities
a. Subsurface Smoldering Event
i. There is a SSE occurring on the Bridgeton LF side of the site. This piece
of the site is managed under state authority and the work is being
conducted by Republic Services. Republic has an extensive network of
gas extraction wells and temperature monitoring probes to monitor the
event, and currently has plans to expand its monitoring network. EPA
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0057222
maintains routine communication with MDNR to stay informed about the
SSE. All current data suggest the SSE remains distant from the areas
containing known RIM.
b. Isolation Barrier
i. EPA has been working with the PRPs to develop plans for a barrier that
would serve to prevent the SSE from contacting areas known to contain
RIM.
ii. This is an enormously complex project from an engineering
standpoint.
111. To assist in evaluating the complexities, advantages, and
disadvantages of the various IB alternatives, EPA has enlisted the
expertise of the US ACE.
iv. The USACE has prepared an initial assessment report of the IB
alternatives, and the PRPs have recently been tasked to produce more
detailed plans by mid-October.
v. The more detailed plans will include bird mitigation plans to
address the threat of potential bird strikes, given the proximity to the
airport.
vi. The SLAA and FAA must approve these plans before additional
work can proceed.
c. Off-Site Air Monitoring
i. EPA has established an air monitoring system in the offsite areas
surrounding the WLL Site. This system includes 5 air monitoring stations
that collect data for a variety of constituents. A local field office has been
set up as the control center for the air monitoring network, which is staffed
each week by EPA On-Scene Coordinators and contractors. The field
office has recently been relocated due to planned construction activities at
the Fire Station.
3. What’s Next?
a. EPA will review the detailed plans for the IB alignment alternatives due midOctober.
b. EPA will review the Bird Mitigation plans also due mid-October, and will
coordinate that review with the SLAA and FAA.
c. EPA will review the USGS report regarding groundwater data, and will
communicate with the public regarding the conclusions.
d. EPA continues to progress toward selection of a final remedy. We expect to
approve work plans very soon for the next stages of Feasibility Study work that
must be completed to support a new Proposed Plan and Record of Decision.
4. Engagement Opportunities/Information Needs
a. EPA wants to keep stakeholders informed. There are a variety of ways to do that.
How can we best accomplish that for the Earth City Business Park? How would
you like to be kept informed?
i. Periodic meetings?
11. Receive periodic Fact sheets?
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0057223
111. Receive WL Update via email?
b. Are there specific topics or subjects that would be especially helpful or beneficial
for your constituents?
QUESTIONS SUBMITTED BY EARTH CITY BOARD OF TRUSTEES
1. Briefly explain EPA’s role at West Lake Landfill as set forth in Superfund law.
EPA’s role at the West Lake Site is to act as the regulatory agency in charge of the
remediation at the landfill. As such, EPA has the final and ultimate decision making
authority and can direct the PRPs to take actions at the site as appropriate to protect
human health and the environment.
2. Briefly explain the role of Republic Services and others in determining the final
resolution of the landfill matter.
The Potentially Responsible Parties, of which Republic Services is one, conduct site
investigations and evaluations at the direction of EPA. The results of these, such as the
currently on-going Supplemental Supplemental Feasibility Study (SSFS) are sent to EPA
for careful review and approval. While these technical documents form the basis for
decisions, the final decision of the site remedy remains with EPA.
3. Is cost the primary reason EPA favors keeping the radioactive material in place with the
addition of safety improvements?
Cost is only one of nine criteria the NCP requires EPA to consider.
In the case of West Lake Landfill, other considerations include time to complete an
excavation, safety of flight operations and the flying public at the airport, and the
complexity of an excavation project due to the depth of the landfill.
4. Why after 40 years is there still an issue with the location of the radioactive material? Is
EPA investigating all other landfill areas not previously investigated for radioactive
material?
The recent investigations into the location of the radiologically impacted material (RIM)
have been focused on finding the best location to install the proposed isolation barrier.
5. Is there an area-wide health risk in removing and relocating the radioactive material?
There is increased risk of human exposures associated with excavation and removal of
the material. Also important is the attraction of birds to the newly excavated waste,
which could pose a threat to flight operations and the safety of the flying public at the
airport and the communities near the airport.
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0057224
6. Briefly discuss the underground fire and construction of the barrier.
The Missouri Attorney General ordered Republic Services to construct the isolation
barrier in 2013. Work has been progressing with Republic Services on potential designs
of the isolation barrier since the order. Additionally, EPA has entered into an InterAgency
Agreement with the United States Army Corps of Engineers to assist with preconstruction
and construction activities at the site. Some preconstruction activities have
already begun; EPA has installed a robust air monitoring system around the landfill to
establish baseline air quality levels and a wind-blown debris barrier has been installed to
capture any debris generated during the excavation of the landfill to construct the barrier.
The PRPs are currently preparing detailed barrier alignment alternatives which will be
submitted to EPA and USACE for review. The St. Louis Airport Authority also has a
keen interest in these plans and bird mitigation plans that must be approved. Once an
alignment has been selected, planning for construction will begin in earnest. USACE
estimates construction of the isolation barrier could start in approximately 18 months.
The long planning period required reflects the scientific and engineering challenges of
this project, for which there is no parallel in the United States.
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0057225
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS:
1. I spend more than 40 hours a week working here. Am I at risk?
The site is protective of public health. EPA has no data to indicate there is any off-site
exposure to contaminants at the West Lake site.
2. Is it possible that these buildings might be condemned as part of the final remediation?
What about temporary closures during any digging for the isolation barrier?
There is no reason to believe the radioactive materials buried deep underground at the
landfill would requiring moving facilities or people. We will do everything we can to
ensure the potentially responsible parties conduct any type of remediation efforts in a
way to minimize impact on the businesses here. Typically, tenants are removed and
buildings demolished only if the selected remedy cannot be completed with those
buildings in place where they are. For example, if excavation is needed underneath a
building, then that building would have to be removed. EPA does not anticipate this at
the West Lake site.
The PRP may offer voluntary relocation to nearby residents during constmction of the
isolation barrier due to nuisance odors resulting from excavated waste. However, EPA
cannot compel the PRPs to offer this service.
3. The MDHSS study that just came said there are increased chance of getting cancer.
What can you tell me about that?
EPA Region 7 is reviewing the Coldwater Creek area cancer study conducted by the
Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services. As EPA continues to exercise its
authorities under the Superfund law, we will consider the MDHSS study as part of the
body of scientific data. We know the data will be of concern to many. While MDHSS is
seeking the involvement of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
(ATSDR) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) for further studies, we want people
to know that we are aggressively pursuing a final remedy at the West Lake Landfill site
to ensure the protection of public health there.
EPA appreciates the work ofMDHSS in producing this report, and looks forward to
continued cooperative efforts with MDHSS and other partners as we work to protect
human health and the environment in and around St. Louis.
4. You’ve kind of told us that we’re okay here and not at greater risk of cancer. If so, why
are you telling the PRPs to spend all that money to do all this work. Isn’t the site already
safe?
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0057226
The site is protective of public health to the neighborhoods in this area. However, it is
not a sustainable proposition for the long term to leave the landfill as is. That leads to a
science and engineering discussion on the best and most viable way to ensure protection
of public health for decades to come. Additionally, after the selection and
implementation of a final remedy at the site, EPA will continue to study and monitor the
site to ensure that the remedy remains protective.
5. In 2008 you announced a decision to cap the landfill (ROD). Why did you decide to
review that decision? Seems like the work would be done already if you had directed the
PRPs to cap it.
EPA decided to conduct additional site investigations after issuing the 2008 Record of
Decision due to continued community concerns about the selected remedy, which was to
install an engineered cap over the landfill with the implementation of institutional
controls to prevent risk of exposures.
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0057227
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0057228

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2015-11-19 – EPA – West Lake Landfill is more difficult to clean up than other St Louis FUSRAP sites

To:
From:
Sent:
Subject:
Fritz, Matthew[Fritz.Matthew@epa.gov]
Hague, Mark
Thur 11/19/2015 6:15:17 PM
FW: New Bill in Senate: R7 OPA –West Lake Landfill Updates
From: Carey, Curtis
Sent: Thursday, November 19, 2015 11:41 AM
To: Hague, Mark ; Brincks, Mike ; Peterson,
Mary ; Stoy, Alyse ; Juett, Lynn
; Vann, Bradley ; Field, Jeff

Cc: Washburn, Ben ; Sanders, LaTonya
Subject: RE: New Bill in Senate: R7 OPA –West Lake Landfill Updates
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0055787
For Immediate Release
November 19, 2015
Contacts:
Missouri Members Demand Action on
West Lake Landfill
WASHINGTON, DC- Today, members of the Missouri congressional delegation,
including Senators Roy Blunt and Claire McCaskill, and Representatives Ann Wagner
and Wm. Lacy Clay, introduced legislation to transfer remediation authority over the
West Lake landfill from the Environmental Protection Agency to the Army Corps of
Engineers, putting the site in the Corps’ Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action
Program (FUSRAP).
“The EPA’s unacceptable delay in implementing a solution for the West Lake landfill has
destroyed its credibility and it is time to change course,” said Blunt. “The Corps has the
knowledge, experience, and confidence of the families living near the site. Transferring
clean up efforts to its control will help move the process forward and finally give these
families the peace of mind they deserve. No parent should have to raise their child in an
environment where they fear for their health and safety.”
McCaskill added, “The needs of this community are our top concern. We’ve heard loud
and clear that they want the West Lake site transferred to the Army Corps of Engineers’
program that oversees all other sites in St. Louis containing this World War II era
nuclear waste. This legislation is not a silver bullet, and will take far longer than we’d like
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0055788
to resolve the many issues surrounding this site, but this is a concrete, positive step
forward in a process that’s been stagnant for far too long.”
The bill introduced today would not alter the current liability of potentially responsible
parties at the site nor its designation as a Superfund site.
The measure represents the latest step in the delegation’s effort to utilize the Corps’
expertise to expedite remediation at the West Lake site. In July, Blunt, McCaskill,
Wagner, and Clay sent to Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz asking the
Department of Energy to re-evaluate whether West Lake qualified for inclusion in the
Corps’ FUSRAP in light of new information regarding the source of radioactive waste at
the site.
“My constituents in the St. Louis region deserve a government where officials work
proactively on their behalf, rather than kicking the can down the road with recurring
delays and deflections,” said Wagner. “The Formerly Utilized Site Remedial Action
Program (FUSRAP) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers have an excellent track
record, broad support in the community and the expertise to handle a site as
complicated as the Westlake Landfill. I believe that this legislation is a crucial step in our
efforts to reach a permanent solution for the people of Missouri.”
Clay added, “Over a year ago, I called for the transfer of West Lake to the U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers FUSRAP program. This new bipartisan legislation will bring us
closer to achieving that goal.
This is a 70-year old problem and the federal government has a duty to finally do the
right thing.
I am totally committed to removing all the nuclear waste from West Lake landfill. It just
makes no sense to allow radioactive waste to remain buried in an unlined landfill, near
residential neighborhoods, schools, a hospital, the airport and the Missouri River. It’s
time to clean up West Lake landfill.”
On February 28, 2014, the members also sent to the EPA asking the agency to
contract directly with the Corps to handle remediation efforts through FUSRAP, citing
the Corps’ “expertise in this area, and the local community’s faith in the Corps’ FUSRAP
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0055789
mission.” In March of 2014, the agencies~~== an agreement to work together to
build a fire break at the West Lake landfill.
Peterson,
Cc: Washburn, Ben Sanders, LaTonya
Subject: New Bill in Senate: R7 OPA –West Lake Landfill Updates
To require the Secretary of the Army, acting through the Chief of Engineers,
to undertake remediation oversight of the West Lake Landfill located
in Bridgeton, Missouri.
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0055790
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0055791

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2014-05-01 – EPA – USACE – West Lake Landfill – Haul Road Information

To: Tapia, Cecilia[Tapia.Cecilia@epa.gov]
Cc:
From:
Field, Jeff[Field.Jeff@epa.gov]; Kiefer, Robyn V NWK[Robyn.V.Kiefer@usace.army.mil]
Cotner, Sharon R MVS
Sent: Thur 5/1/2014 2:17:49 PM
Subject: RE: Haul Roads Information (UNCLASSIFIED)
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Caveats: NONE
Dear Cecilia:
I’m going to assume that you are looking for information regarding USAGE sampling of haul roads
between Latty & Westlake (since that seems to be the topic of the day.)
USAGE has sampled and remediated haul roads between SLAPS and HISS since the completion of the
2005 ROD. These roads are Pershall Road, Latty Ave, Hazelwood Ave, a small stretch of Lindbergh,
Frost, Banshee and McDonnell Blvd.
USAGE never sampled the roads from Latty to Westlake Landfill.
The sampling mentioned in the 2005 was completed by DOE prior to USAGE assignment to FUSRAP in
1997. It was only mentioned in the ROD in order to give a full picture of the sampling completed to date in
the area. (In hindsight perhaps it should not have been mentioned.)
The sampling completed by DOE was briefly mentioned in a report completed by DOE. We are trying to
find some sort of document with the actual sample results but are having no success. (At this point I am
not sure we even have the data since the area would be outside the scope of FUSRAP as Westlake was
not a FUSRAP project at the time of the transfer of the program from DOE.)
If we find anything more, we will let you and the State know.
(Also- as a side thought, someone here recalls MDNR sampling these roads in the 2003-2004 timeframe.
You may wish to touch base with them.)
I hope this helps.
Sincerely,
Sharon Cotner
—–Original Message—–
From: Tapia, Cecilia [mailto:Tapia.Cecilia@epa.gov]
Sent: Wednesday, April 30, 2014 4:16PM
To: Cotner, Sharon R MVS
Cc: Field, Jeff
Subject: [EXTERNAL] Haul Roads Information
Is there any other haul road information other than the work USAGE completed that resulted in the 2005
ROD?
Thanks
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058973
Cecilias Microsoft Outlook Signature large font
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Caveats: NONE
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058974

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2015-01-14 – EPA – West Lake Landfill – Pyrolysis testing of soils

To:
From:
Sent:
Subject:
Beringer, Mike[Beringer.Michael@epa.gov]
Vann, Bradley
Wed 1/14/2015 5:28:09 PM
RE: West Lake Landfill – Pyrolysis testing of soils
From: Beringer, Mike
Sent: Wednesday, January 14, 2015 11:03 AM
To: Vann, Bradley
Subject: RE: West Lake Landfill – Pyrolysis testing of soils
From: Vann, Bradley
Sent: Wednesday, January 14,2015 8:14AM
To: Beringer, Mike
Cc: Davis, Michael; Phillips, Todd; Hooper, Charles A.; Dye, Robert; Kiefer, Robyn V NWK;
McKernan, John; Field, Jeff; Jefferson, Matthew
Subject: West Lake Landfill – Pyrolysis testing of soils
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0059002
Mike,
Per our discussion yesterday, EPA needs to determine applicable sampling methods with regards
to West Lake Landfill soil samples and would appreciate anything you can provide as well, be it
TCLP, LEAF or other methods that provides that can best scientific answer. I’ve previously
spoken with Jeff and he mentioned Republic still having some of their hottest rotosonic soil
cores sitting in locked connex that could be sent off for such testing. The RA wants us over the
next few weeks to determine what methods/DQOs we would need, who can/will perform the
analyses for EPA and figure out the best mechanism to employ the lab(s). Note on the last part, I
have an IA with USACE that can likely provide support for lab if needed. We need sufficient
information to draft a scope and get a QAPP developed for EPA or contractor to collect split
samples (assuming Republic also performs the sampling). We need to be able to answer the
fundamental question of what will happen to soils under subsurface smoldering events (SSE or
pyrolysis) conditions with empirical data. This will strengthen not only our understand of site
condition (best and worst case scenarios) but also support best scientific course of action and any
potential risks associated.
Some items previously discussed with John McKernan at ETSC and Robyn Kiefer at USACE
include (who I have copied on this email):
Test Parameters to be considered 1) Cold soil/hot leachate (simulates near pyrolysis event
driving hot fluids towards RIM soils at site) and , 2) hot soil – gradational increases from 200 –
500 degree F (simulates active pyrolysis event with RIM soils at site)
The state has also asked that we consider looking at surface soils impacted by surface fire
conditions but likely too many variables in this scenario to realistically quantify in lab but we
can discuss it further.
Analytes to evaluate for monitoring include (from ROD): standard VOC/SVOC, metals/(ROD
COCs) U238, U235, U232 (daughters) U234, TH230, Ra226, Pb210, Protactinium, PCB
(Aroclor 1254)- Radon- Most important part of course would be radionuclides and radon
which is driving other theories at the site for potential risks. Assume this would also require
evaluating possible alpha spectroscopy and gamma emitting decay but leave it to others to better
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0059003
define as I am neither chemist nor HP. Just trying to vet all relevant information within our team.
In short, I need to assemble a group of experts that can help flesh this out very quickly, as our
intent is to get Republic on board to perform the sampling but also take splits for QA.
Thanks,
Bradley Vann- Remedial Project Manager
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Superfund Division
Missouri/Kansas Remedial Branch
11201 Renner Blvd.
Lenexa, KS 66219
Phone: 913-551-7611
Fax: 913-551-9611
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0059004

Post

2014-10-14 – EPA – West Lake Landfill – Fiscal Year 2014 Accomplishments

To:
From:
Sent:
Subject:
Sumpter, Richard[Sumpter.Richard@epa.gov]
Weber, Rebecca
Tue 10/14/2014 6:35:10 PM
RE: West Lake FY14 accomplishments
From: Sumpter, Richard
Sent: Tuesday, October 14,2014 1:31PM
To: Weber, Rebecca
Cc: Lubbe, Wendy
Subject: RE: West Lake FY14 accomplishments
From: Weber, Rebecca
Sent: Tuesday, October 14, 2014 11:21 AM
To: Sumpter, Richard
Subject: RE: West Lake FY14 accomplishments
From: Sumpter, Richard
Sent: Tuesday, October 14,2014 11:19 AM
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058210
To: Weber, Rebecca
Subject: RE: West Lake FY14 accomplishments
From: Weber, Rebecca
Sent: Tuesday, October 14,2014 11:15 AM
To: Sumpter, Richard
Subject: RE: West Lake FY14 accomplishments
From: Sumpter, Richard
Sent: Tuesday, October 14, 2014 11:07 AM
To: Jackson, Robert W.
Cc: Weber, Rebecca
Subject: RE: West Lake FY14 accomplishments
From: Jackson, Robert W.
Sent: Tuesday, October 14, 2014 10:55 AM
To: Sumpter, Richard
Subject: FW: West Lake FY14 accomplishments
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058211
From: Gravatt, Dan
Sent: Tuesday, October I4, 20I4 I0:42 AM
To: Jackson, Robert W.; Field, Jeff; Ferguson, Jaci
Subject: West Lake FYI4 accomplishments
Provided at Bob’s request this morning:
FY20 I4 Milestones for West Lake Landfill
EPA entered into two separate Interagency Agreements with the US Army Corps of Engineers:
one to obtain their assistance with design and construction oversight for the subsurface barrier
intended to separate the subsurface oxidation event in OU2 from the radiologically impacted
material in OU I; and the other to provide independent technical reviews of the deliverables the
PRPs will generate under the Supplemental SFS. USACE provided EPA its evaluation of the
engineering considerations with the three potential barrier alignments that have been considered
to date. EPA continued to coordinate with the US Geological Survey under another IA as they
prepared a comprehensive evaluation of groundwater hydrology and background concentrations
and sources of radionuclides at the site. EPA issued a Pre-Construction Order to the PRPs that
directed them to begin preparing the site for the eventual construction of the subsurface barrier
and provide other technical documents on bird mitigation and air monitoring that will support
this construction. EPA installed a network of five off-site air monitor stations in the surrounding
community to begin collecting a background baseline data set to help evaluate air sampling data
to be collected during the eventual construction of the subsurface barrier. EPA’s Office of
Research and Development evaluated the PRP’s report on the possible effects the OU2
subsurface oxidation event might have on the RIM in OUI should the SSE migrate into OUI in
the future. ORD has also been tracking the monthly reports on the SSE extent and gas and
temperature data provided by the PRPs to the Missouri DNR to provide an independent
assessment of SSE behavior. EPA responded to community concerns about possible radiological
contamination at the Bridgeton Municipal Athletic Complex and conducted a thorough
investigation of the area which determined that there was no radiological contamination there.
EPA has coordinated extensively with the community through attendance of the monthly
Community Advisory Group meetings and issuance of weekly “West Lake Update” newsletters.
Sincerely,
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058212
Daniel R. Gravatt, PG
US EPA Region 7 SUPR/MOKS
11201 Renner Boulevard, Lenexa, KS 66219
Phone (913) 551-7324
Principles and integrity are expensive, but they are among the very few things worth having.
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058213

Post

2015-07-21 – EPA – West Lake Landfill – Conference call with USACE

To: Stoy, Alyse[Stoy.Aiyse@epa.gov]; Juett, Lynn[Juett.Lynn@epa.gov]
Cc: Field, Jeff[Field.Jeff@epa.gov]; Jackson, Robert W.[Jackson.Robertw@epa.gov]; Peterson,
Mary[Peterson.Mary@epa.gov]; Sanders, LaTonya[Sanders.Latonya@epa.gov]; Washburn,
Ben[washburn.ben@epa.gov]; Carey, Curtis[Carey.Curtis@epa.gov]; Whitley,
Christopher[Wh itley. Christopher@epa .gov]
From: Vann, Bradley
Sent: Tue 7/21/2015 2:59:50 PM
Subject: RE: West Lake Landfill
From: Vann, Bradley
Sent: Tuesday, July 21, 2015 9:47AM
To: Stoy, Alyse; Juett, Lynn
Cc: Field, Jeff; Jackson, Robert W.; Peterson, Mary; Sanders, LaTonya; Washburn, Ben; Carey,
Curtis; Whitley, Christopher
Subject: RE: West Lake Landfill
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058775
From: Stoy, Alyse
Sent: Tuesday, July 21, 2015 9:40AM
To: Vann, Bradley; Juett, Lynn
Subject: Fwd: West Lake Landfill
Brad/Lynn- I just sent an email to Steven that a call tomorrow would be best. I’ve asked him to
send me some times that work for them. Can you two figure out who should be on this call from
our end?
Sent from my iPhone
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058776
Begin forwarded message:
From: “Miller, Steven (GC)”
Date: July 21,2015 at 9:19:02 AM CDT
Cc: “‘Vann, Bradley”‘
Subject: RE: West Lake Landfill
From: Stoy, Alyse I.!Il§W1Q:J;ili;~~~~!MQ’YJ
Sent: Monday, July 20, 2015 11:18 AM
To: Miller, Steven (GC); ·'”-==’-‘=~-====~· ”–‘-‘=========:.;;_,
Cc: Vann, Bradley
Subject: RE: West Lake Landfill
Hi Steven/Phil-
Our RPM is still getting questions about a DOE point of contact for the West Lake
CAG. Do you have a public affairs POC that we can forward along? Thanks!
Alyse Stoy
Assoc. Deputy Regional Counsel for Enforcement
Office of Regional Counsel
U.S. EPA Region 7
(913) 551-7826 phone
(816) 807-3271 cell
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058777
From: Stoy, Alyse
Sent: Friday, May 22, 2015 10:03 AM
To:~~~~~~~~*·~~~,~~~~~~~~~~-
Subject: West Lake Landfill
Hi Steven/Phil-
Quick question for you. The West Lake CAG (community advisory group) has
asked EPA the name of a DOE contact person. I don’t know the specifics of what
the community is wanting to contact DOE about, but will defer to you who the
appropriate contact would be. Let me know and we are happy to pass this
information along to the CAG.
Thanks, Alyse
Alyse Stay
Assoc. Deputy Regional Counsel for Enforcement
Office of Regional Counsel
U.S. EPA Region 7
(913) 551-7826 phone
(816) 807-3271 cell
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058778

Post

2014-04-27 – EPA – USACE – West Lake Landfill – Draft Responses – Senator Blunt

To:
From:
Sent:
Kiefer, Robyn V NWK[Robyn.V.Kiefer@usace.army.mil]
Field, Jeff
Sun 4/27/2014 9:41:43 PM
Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] FW: Westlake: Draft Responses- Senator Blunt (UNCLASSIFIED)
Thanks
From: Kiefer, Robyn V NWK
Sent: Sunday, April 27, 2014 12:46:46 PM
To: Field, Jeff
Cc: Lyle, Mary B NWK
Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] FW: Westlake: Draft Responses- Senator Blunt (UNCLASSIFIED)
Thanks Jeff. We’ll forward along. Since St. Louis district took the call, will forward to them for response.
I will have them CC: you. I have told them that epa and kansas city district are available for meeting with
Ms. DeGregorio on Thurs or Fri. If that works for her, we will respond to Jaci to confirm that we will be
available to attend the Wed meeting with Republic on the lB.
Thanks,
Robyn
Robyn Kiefer
Project Manager
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Kansas City District
Work: (816) 389-3615
Cell: (816) 803-5730
—– Original Message —–
From: Field, Jeff [mailto:Field.Jeff@epa.gov]
Sent: Sunday, April 27, 2014 09:58AM Pacific Standard Time
To: Lyle, Mary B NWK; Kiefer, Robyn V NWK
Cc: Young, Scott E NWK
Subject: [EXTERNAL] FW: Westlake: Draft Responses- Senator Blunt (UNCLASSIFIED)
Sorry for the delay.
Jeffrey L. Field, Chief
Missouri/Kansas Remedial Branch
Superfund Division
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
11201 Renner Blvd
Lenexa, Kansas 66219
Phone: 913-551-7548
Cell: 816-500-3861
Fax: 913-551-9548
—–Original Message—-From:
Peterson, Mary
Sent: Sunday, April 27, 2014 9:52AM
To: Field, Jeff
Subject: RE: Westlake: Draft Responses- Senator Blunt (UNCLASSIFIED)
Sorry – here it is.
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058823
Mary P. Peterson, Acting Deputy Director Office of Public Affairs EPA Region 7
11201 Renner Blvd.
Lenexa, KS 66219
913-551-7882- desk
816-398-3945- mobile
—–Original Message—-From:
Field, Jeff
Sent: Sunday, April 27, 2014 9:28AM
To: Peterson, Mary
Subject: RE: Westlake: Draft Responses- Senator Blunt (UNCLASSIFIED)
Hi Mary:
There wasn’t any attachment.
Jeff
—–Original Message—-From:
Peterson, Mary
Sent: Saturday, April 26, 2014 6:48PM
To: Field, Jeff
Subject: RE: Westlake: Draft Responses- Senator Blunt (UNCLASSIFIED)
Here is my edited version. My edits reflect the comments Curtis sent by email on Thursday.
Mary P. Peterson, Acting Deputy Director Office of Public Affairs EPA Region 7
11201 Renner Blvd.
Lenexa, KS 66219
913-551-7882- desk
816-398-3945- mobile
—–Original Message—-From:
Field, Jeff
Sent: Saturday, April26, 2014 10:02 AM
To: Peterson, Mary
Subject: FW: Westlake: Draft Responses – Senator Blunt (UNCLASSIFIED)
Just to make sure the attachment is included.
—–Original Message—–
From: Lyle, Mary B NWK [mailto:Mary.B.Lyle@usace.army.mil]
Sent: Friday, April25, 2014 3:17PM
To: Field, Jeff
Subject: Westlake: Draft Responses- Senator Blunt (UNCLASSIFIED)
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Caveats: FOUO
Jeff,
I don’t mean to keep pestering you, but wanted to follow up on this one more time today as we would like
to respond to this Congressional inquiry soon. I do understand we also need to coordinate with you
specifically on meeting with this staffer next week, in addition to the other meeting (ORO observations for
barrier design/alignment). Let me know what timing works so I can coordinate here in Robyn’s absence.
Thanks,
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058824
Mary
—–Original Message—-From:
Lyle, Mary B NWK
Sent: Friday, April 25, 2014 9:11 AM
To: Field, Jeff
Subject: RE: Draft Responses (UNCLASSIFIED)
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Caveats: FOUO
Jeff,
As mentioned in my voice message this morning, can you let me know the status of EPA’s review of this
response? Let me know if you have any questions or need to discuss.
Thanks,
Mary
Mary Lyle, P.E., PMP
Section Chief, PM-ED
460 Federal Building
601 E. 12th Street
Kansas City, MO 64106-2896
Phone: 816-389-3890
Cell Phone: 816-719-6453
Fax: 816-389-2023
mary.b.lyle@usace.army.mil
—–Original Message—-From:
Kiefer, Robyn V NWK
Sent: Wednesday, April 23, 2014 6:21 PM
To: Field, Jeff
Cc: Young, Scott E NWK; Lyle, Mary B NWK; Fraley, Jill K NWK
Subject: RE: Draft Responses (UNCLASSIFIED)
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Caveats: FOUO
Jeff:
When your office has finished reviewing the draft responses, please notify Mary Lyle. Mary is my direct
supervisor and she will be coordinating the response to Ms. DeGregorio while I am out of the office.
Also, please let Mary know what time frames you would be available to participate in the meeting with Ms.
DeGregario next Wed, Thurs, or Fri. She will let St. Louis District know so the meeting date/time can be
finalized with Ms. DeGregario. Will provide a call-in number to you for the meeting or we can call you at
your desk.
If you need anything else from us between now and Tuesday, please contact Mary. Her phone number is
816-389-3890.
Thanks,
Robyn
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058825
—–Original Message—-From:
Kiefer, Robyn V NWK
Sent: Wednesday, April 23, 2014 2:24 PM
To: ‘Field, Jeff
Cc: Young, Scott E NWK
Subject: Draft Responses (UNCLASSIFIED)
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Caveats: FOUO
Jeff:
See attached proposed responses to Ms. Kerry DeGregorio’s verbal inquiries regarding West Lake
Landfill. Ms. DeGregorio is the Constituent Advocate for Sen Blunt’s office. Also attached is a copy of her
business card along with the cards for the other congressional staff that attended Monday’s CAG.
St. Louis District also mentioned that Ms. De Gregorio requested an opportunity to meet with them next
week in St. Louis. I do not know what topics she wanted to discuss or if they involve West Lake (might be
FUSRAP-related). I am trying to get clarification. Will confirm if this meeting request is regarding West
Lake. If so, I will coordinate through you regarding EPA and USAGE participation.
Thanks,
Robyn Kiefer
Project Manager
US Army Corps of Engineers
Office: 816-389-3615
Blackberry: 816-803-5730
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Caveats: FOUO
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Caveats: FOUO
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Caveats: FOUO
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Caveats: FOUO
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058826

Post

2014-05-13 – EPA – West Lake Landfill – Testing and sampling other location in Bridgeton besides the BMAC

To:
From:
Sent:
Carey, Curtis[ Carey. Curtis@epa.gov]
Sanders, LaTonya
Tue 5/13/2014 9:30:48 PM
Subject: RE: ACTION: RE: Testing and sampling other location in Bridgeton besides the BMAC?
From: Carey, Curtis
Sent: Tuesday, May 13,2014 9:47AM
To: Tapia, Cecilia; Hammerschmidt, Ron; Gravatt, Dan
Cc: Hayes, Scott; Washburn, Ben; Field, Jeff; Campbell, Todd; Peterson, Mary; Sanders,
LaTonya
Subject: ACTION: RE: Testing and sampling other location in Bridgeton besides the BMAC?
c__jc_Jl_L_jc_J_j_j_j_jc__j EPA has no validated information indicating the need to screen for radiation
outside of the West Lake Landfill site. We are undertaking a screening ofBMAC to allay public
concerns at that heavily used recreation complex. The screening procedures EPA will use there
has been employed at many sites across the country and is supported by research and
documented procedures. Soil sampling will also be performed at BMAC to confirm the
screening results. With regard to screening haul roads, they remain under the purview of the
USACE FUSRAP program [PLEASE CONFIRM THIS IS CORRECT] and have previously
been exhaustively tested for radiation. Regarding a ditch at BMAC where local residents using
donated equipment reported finding “radiation”, even if the information they provided is
accurate the radiation levels are not elevated enough to present any health risk. Reportedly, the
highest concentration of gamma-emitting radionuclides in their soil samples works out to 5.13
pCi/g. For reference, the cleanup standard in the SFS forTh and Ra was set at 5 pCi/g plus
background [DAN, PLEASE TOTAL THESE TWO SO WE HAVE A TOTAL. RIGHT NOW
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058473
FOR THE LAY PERSON IT WOULD LOOK LIKE 5.13 IS ABOVE 5 AND THEREFORE
REQUIRES REMEDIATION].
From: Carey, Curtis
Sent: Monday, May 12,2014 10:50 AM
To: Tapia, Cecilia; Brooks, Karl; Hague, Mark; Hammerschmidt, Ron
Cc: Hayes, Scott; Washburn, Ben; Field, Jeff; Campbell, Todd; Peterson, Mary; Gravatt, Dan
Subject: RE: Testing and sampling other location in Bridgeton besides the BMAC?
c__jc_Jl_L_jc_J_j_j_j_jc__j EPA has no validated information indicating the need to screen for radiation
outside of the West Lake Landfill site. We are undertaking a screening ofBMAC to allay public
concerns at that heavily used recreation complex. The screening procedures EPA will use there
has been employed at many sites across the country and is supported by research and
documented procedures. Soil sampling will also be performed at BMAC to confirm the
screening results. With regard to screening haul roads, they remain under the purview of the
USACE FUSRAP program [PLEASE CONFIRM THIS IS CORRECT] and have previously
been exhaustively tested for radiation. Regarding a ditch at BMAC where local residents using
donated equipment reported finding “radiation”, even if the information they provided is
accurate the radiation levels are elevated enough to present any health risk. Reportedly, the
highest concentration of gamma-emitting radionuclides in their soil samples works out to 5.13
pCi/g. For reference, the cleanup standard in the SFS forTh and Ra was set at 5 pCi/g plus
background [DAN, PLEASE TOTAL THESE TWO SO WE HAVE A TOTAL. RIGHT NOW
FOR THE LAY PERSON IT WOULD LOOK LIKE 5.13 IS ABOVE 5 AND THEREFORE
REQUIRES REMEDIATION].
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058474
From: Tapia, Cecilia
Sent: Friday, May 09, 2014 2:48PM
To: Carey, Curtis; Brooks, Karl; Hague, Mark
Cc: Hammerschmidt, Ron; Hayes, Scott; Washburn, Ben; Field, Jeff; Campbell, Todd
Subject: RE: Testing and sampling other location in Bridgeton besides the BMAC?
From: Carey, Curtis
Sent: Friday, May 09, 2014 2:41PM
To: Tapia, Cecilia; Brooks, Karl; Hague, Mark
Cc: Hammerschmidt, Ron; Hayes, Scott; Washburn, Ben; Field, Jeff; Campbell, Todd
Subject: RE: Testing and sampling other location in Bridgeton besides the BMAC?
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058475
The suspected haul roads have been extensively sampled and have not shown levels of concern.
In addition, the haul roads are under the purview of the FUSRAP program and are not part of the
NPL site.
From: Tapia, Cecilia
Sent: Friday, May 09, 2014 10:58 AM
To: Brooks, Karl; Hague, Mark; Carey, Curtis
Cc: Hammerschmidt, Ron; Hayes, Scott; Washburn, Ben; Field, Jeff; Campbell, Todd
Subject: FW: Testing and sampling other location in Bridgeton besides the BMAC?
From: Johnson, James
Sent: Friday, May 09,2014 10:19 AM
To: Peterson, Mary; Tapia, Cecilia
Cc: Campbell, Todd
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058476
Subject: Testing and sampling other location in Bridgeton besides the BMAC?
Mary, as we discussed yesterday, the questions have started about testing other sites (Fire
stations) than just the BMAC.
Robertson Fire protection District, Maynard Howell, Assistant Chief, Cell 314.575 5011:
Stopped by EPA trailer and asked us to test his fire station (i.e. if we are sampling BMAC, why
can’t we sample fire station to assure haz mat responders that they are safe), since we do
technically have a trailer on their property. We can discuss more later.
WLLFOIA4312- 001 – 0058477

Post

2014-02-06 – EPA – Health Assessment West Lake Landfill

Gravatt, Dan
From: Tapia, Cecilia
Sent: Friday, February07, 201411 :16AM
To:
Cc:
Hammerschmidt, Ron; Hague, Mark; Field, Jeff; Gravatt, Dan; Brooks, Karl
Peterson, Mary; Whitley, Christopher; Sanders, LaTonya
Subject: Document referred to in news artcle – followup info
Attachments: westlake health-threat.pdf
From: Rodenbeck, Sven (ATSDR/DCHI/OD) [mailto:svrl@cdc.gov]
Sent: Friday, February 07, 2014 11:13 AM
To: Jordan-Izaguirr, Denise; Tapia, Cecilia; Cvsl@cdc.gov; Harman, Erin
Subject: RE: kid question
Hey Everyone!
I have just reviewed the ATS DR Records Room file for the Westlake Landfill. We do not have a copy of the attached
document in our files.
The Westlake Landfill was proposed to the NPL in 1989. So it is unlikely that ATSDR had done any “health assessments”
prior to that date. Our first ATSDR public health assessment was finalized in 1991.
Sorry!
Sven
Sven E. Rodenbeck, Sc.D., P.E., BCEE
Rear Admiral (retired), USPHS
ATSDR/DCHI – Mailstop F59
1600 Clifton Road, NE
Atlanta, GA 30333
Office Telephone: (770) 488-3660
Cell Telephone: (404) 729-5041
FAX: (770) 488-1543
Machinatores Vitae
(Engineering for Life)
07/t./
40490540
Illl lll lllll II/II llllll llll llll/l llll lllll II/I llll
Superfund
1
OUOI
From: Jordan-Izaguirre, Denise (CDC epa.gov)
Sent: Friday, February 07, 2014 10:58 AM
‘ ‘
To: Tapia, Cecilia; Rodenbeck, Sven (ATSDR/DCHI/OD); Smith, Casandra V. (ATSDR/DCHI/WB); Harman, Erin (CDC
epa.gov)
Subject: Fw: kid question
Cecilia – I’m out of office so can’t check our files. I’ve read attached document and here are my thoughts l}Without letter
head or signature line it’s hard to say who wrote this; 2) It’s dated 8/85 which is pre ATSDR; 3}The document states no
chemical concentrations were reviewed (last sentence in first paragraph); 4) MDOH appears to have done private well
sampling, cancer inquiry and possibly a’ health survey’; 5}Conclusions are not based on data concentration only MDNR
reported chemical and Rad presence; and 6)this is a Draft document with only state agencies mentioned. Without
signature, letterhead or author and pre-ATSDR (although there was a Superfund Implementation Group part of NCEH) I
don’t think this is ours. But 1985 predates me in ATSDR plus I didn’t come to Reg 7 until 1992. Hopefully HQ can find this
or I will look when I’m back Mon.
From: Tapia, Cecilia
Sent: Friday, February 07, 2014 9:18:25 AM
To: Jordan-lzaguirr, Denise
Cc: Gravatt, Dan; Field, Jeff; Hammerschmidt, Ron
Subject: FW: kid question
Denise, is this something that ATSDR produced or MDHSS?
From: Peterson, Mary
Sent: Friday, February 07, 2014 9:16 AM
To: Tapia, Cecilia; Gravatt, Dan; Field, Jeff
Subject: FW: ksdk question
Attached is the memo that KSDK references in their report. Apparently, the inquiry came in late yesterday after Chris
had left for the day.
Mwy P. Pot111soH, AdlHIJ Dopl.ty Dltoetor
Office of Public Affairs
EPA Region 7
11201 Renner Blvd .
Lenexa, KS 66219
913-551-7882 – desk
816-398-3945 – mobile
From: Whitley, Christopher
Sent: Friday, February 07, 2014 9:09 AM
To: Peterson, Mary; Thomas, Hattie
Subject: FW: ksdk question
She sent this at 4:59 p.m. I left the office yesterday at my usual time of 4 p.m.
From: Zigman, Leisa [mailto:LZIGMAN@ksdk.com]
Sent: Thursday, February 06, 2014 4:59 PM
To: Whitley, Christopher
Subject: FW: ksdk question
2
Hi Chris,
I sent this 1985 memo to DNR and asked the question below. I was told to ask EPA. Any thoughts?
From: Terlizzi, Gena [mailto:Gena.Terlizzi@dnr.mo.gov]
Sent: Thursday, February 06, 2014 4:55 PM
To: Zigman, Leisa
Subject: RE: ksdk question
Hi Leisa,
For information on work completed at Westlake Landfill over that timeframe, I’d recommend reaching out to the EPA, as
they are the oversight authority for West Lake Landfill.
Gena·
Gena Terlizzi
Communications Director
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Ph: (573) 751-1010
From: Zigman, Leisa [mailto:LZIGMAN@ksdk.com]
Sent: Thursday, February 06, 2014 3:36 PM
To= Terlizzi, Gena
Subject: ksdk question
Hi Gena,
Did something happen from the SO’s to now to show that the threat to public health at the Westlake landfill was
diminished? I ask based of this memo. (deadline for six)
Thanks!
Leisa Zigman
Five on Your Side
KSDK-TV
314-444-5295
lzigman@ksdk.com
3

HEALTH ASSESSMENT
(Westlake Landfill) 11VHO
The Westlake Lapdfill site, located near Bridgeton, St. Louis County
Missouri, has been’·found to be contaminated with 4000 tons of chlordane,
trichloroethylene and toluene, and 7,000 tons of low level uranium ore wastes.
Missouri Department of Natural Resources personnel have characterized the site
containment and diversion system as leaking and unsound. lnformation supplied
did not contain concentrations of contaminants.
Chlordane is a broad spectrum insecticide that has been observed to cause
the following symptoms: blurred vision, confusion, ataxia, delirium, coughing,
abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, irritability, tremors, convulsions,
anuria, and cancer in laboratory animals. It attacks the central nervous
system, eyes, lungs, liver, kidneys, and skin. TCE or trichloroethylene is an
animal carcinogen and is also capable of causing the following symptoms:
irritation of the eyes, nose and throat; dermatitis; headache, dizziness,
vertigo, tremors, nausea and vomiting, irregular heartbeat, sleepiness,
fatigue, blurred vision, unconsciousness, and death. Damage occurs to the
respiratory system, heart liver, kidneys, and central nervous system. Toluene
has been observed to cause irritation of the eyes, respiratory tract, and skin;
dermatitis, headache, dizziness, fatigue, muscular weakness, drowsiness,
incoordination, staggering gait, skin paresthesia, collapse and coma.
Uranium is reported to cause adverse health effects in two ways: toxic
chemical effects including damage to the kidney and liver, pneumoconiosis,
pronounced changes in the blood and generalized injury; and radiation effects
including lung cancer, osteosarcoma, and lymphoma.
Analysis of the rates of fetal death, low birth weight, and malformations
for 1972-1982 showed no rate significantly higher than the state average.
A well survey and water sampling has been completed and an exposure
questionnaire is at present being administered to selected residents
surrounding the site in conjunction with a survey of all hazardous waste sites
in the State by the Missouri Department of Health, Bureau of Environmental
Epidemiology. This investigation has yielded the following information
concerning Westlake Landfill:
There are only four wells still in use in the area that are down gradient
from the site. One is used only occasionally and one 1s not used for potable
water at all. None of the wells sampled had detectable amounts of any of the
chemicals disposed of at the site. None of the residents questioned so far
appeared to have any adverse health effects caused by materials disposed of at
the site.
Based on available information, a health threat exists due to the toxic
effects of chemicals and low level uranium wastes buried at the site and the
possibility that off site migration of the materials might occur because of the
unsound condition of the site. While there is no evidence of past or present
exposure, a potential does exist for future exposure based on the possibility
that off site migration may occur. Sampling and corrective containment and
diversion should continue at this site until risk to the public health can more
accurately be determined.
8/85

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