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R. Fros t , Aerospace
VUliam. E. Matt” Director
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Records Ho1dlng Mea
COLLECTION J08 t~
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01/lB/7 8 01/ ;:.. :}78,
!<- •• • .. Memo to the rues THRU: :Robert W. Ramsey, Jr., Assistant Director for Nuclear Programs ·Division of Environmental Control Technology, OOE-HQ DECON'l'AMINA.TION Al'm DECOMMISSIONING: REVIEW OF MANHATTAN DIS'IRICT HIS'IORY ( CIASSll''IED OOCUMENTS) - MED .:.· The subject history is comprised of eight ( 8) books containing J6 volumes which are further di v.Ld.ed into parts am sections. The historr. covers the activities of the Manhattan District frOm prior to its inception on August 16, 1942, untU the. entire project was turned over to the U.s. AEC through the Atomic Energr Act of 19 46 on December 31, 1946. Hr. Robert W. Ramsey, Jr. asked that I review the subject documents to ascertain i! the list of si.tes, previously used (during the Manhattan ..... D1strict activities) for operations involving Uranium ores, oxides, . daughter products or other related radioactive materials, was complete in that no locations associated with the MED were omitted from the previously compiled list o! si.tes. I understood. that the subject documents were not reViemed by those that compiled the original list ?t "~AEC-ERDA Previously Used Sites." To make an indepth review of the MED history would take an undue length· or time and produce much unusable data (in regard to the information required). Therefore, Book I, volume I, which contained general information includ.Ulg a combined tab~e of contents_ (appendix B) was reviewed. · This table of contents was broken down by book, volume, chapter, section, and/or par~graph arn appendices. Also within the table of contents was an introduction to the history which inc~u.des, in paragraph number 1-5, page 1.15, "What tha History Contai.ns." This paragraph gives very briefly (a paragraph to a few pages) a description of the content for the various books and volumes. The comprehensive table of contents was reviewed to determine what 'books would be applicable to, :m::l .furnish the information requested by, Mr .. Ramsey. It appeared from this study that Book VII, Volume 1 and 2, entitled "Feed Material, Special Procurement and Geographical Exploration," 'ht)uld furnish the required. data. In conjtmction with Book VII, Book I, volume 9, was also read. '!1lis volume entitled "Priorities Program" only mentions uranium once when the "Uranium Project" was given the highest priority by President Roosevelt. The volume does mt discuss "feed material" and talks to non-ra.d.ioacti ve materials, re: steel, aluminum, silver, machinery, lumber, etc. Based on the above, attention was focused on the content of Book VII, Volume 1. The ir..formation contained therein contained data relative to .feed r::.aterials and special procurement. Part A wa.s "General Features.'' "Part B-Procurement" dealt with materials from Africa, Canada, and the U.S., Market and !1iscellaneous Procurement., and Pr-ocurement of Other :·11'·, . . . ~- .. . , .·.·.~ lt·; • . I 1 l I i 1 r ! ..~. . ~ . -.··.: ~.·-.-· .. . :· ... ;•. .. · .,.. . ,..,. •· Radi.oacti ve Materials. Part C talked ·to the refining, treatment, sZJd . · . .·., production of the various ores, oxides, metals, Thorium, Quality · -···· Control., and. Accountability. . ·c:·#~~ 'lbe procurement, storage, am processing of the basic raw materials . containing uranium is summed up as follows: •·. ·:·····. -~:-· The ores ard/or oxides received from the African sources -were stored · ·. in various warehouses. These storage areas were: (l) Archer-Daniels-Medlend co. 'Warehouse, Port Richmond, staten Island, NY (prior to the _ , MED); (2) Seneca Ordanance Depot, Romulus, NY}· (3} Clinton ~er· .,!'"-::-, Works, Clinton (Oak Ridge), Tennessee; and (4 Perry Warehouse, Hiddl.esex, NJ. The main storage area was the Perry Warehouse. The. bulk of. the African ores were stored there. This location also became a sampling, weighing, and assaying facility. Inasmuch as the contract · 14th the African source called for only the black oxide, the tailing and residue containing the radium and other precious metals were returned to the verrlor. Those residues from ores conta:i.id.ng greater· than l~ U o8 were stored at the Clinton Engineer Works, Tennessee, ·or at the ~erry Warehouse, Middlesex, NJ, prior to shipment. back to the -vemor. Residues from ores containing less than 1~ tr1o8 were stored at t.he Lake Ontario Ordanance WOrks prior to sh:l.pment to the wmor. Some of the residues were returned to the Belgium f'acility of African Metals, aDd some is still at the U.S. storage sites. The .A.tri.can ores samples were assayed arrl weighed by Lucius Pitken, Hew York City, NY; Ledoux and CO., New York Ci.ty, NY; and Frick Chemical. Laboratory, Princeton University 1 Princetown, NJ. Tbe African ores t-rere refined to black oxides (U10~) at facilities of the Linde Ai.r Products Co.,. Tonawanda, NY; Eldo~do Mining and Refiiii.ng Ltd., Fort Hope, Ontario, Canada; and Vitro Manufacturing Co. , Cannonsburg, PA. The Canadian ores were refined at the Port Hope facility of the Eldorado M1ning and Refinery Ltd. The .American ores (Carnotite) ~:ere processed tor Vanafll.um by U.S. Vanadium Corp. at Uravan, Colorado. The Vanadium sand tailings were also processed at the USV Uravan plant for Uran:i.um Oxide. These went d.irectly to Linde. They (USV) also had a plant at Dur~o, CO, for processing Vanadium tailings and sands to produce a green sluge. The output from the USV Durando and Uravan facilities went to Grand Junctio~, Colorado, for processing to yellow sluge (15% U10g) that in t-.;...-n went to the Linde refinery at Tonawanda, NY.
or slimes to the :finished product have been accounted for in the listing
of “MED-AEC-EliDA Sites Previously Used’f as complied by ECT. There were
;oo companies or organizations ttat could not be accounted for in this
particular phase of the MED history that I reviewed.
_a., a side note, the Thorium obtained for RMl at Iowa State College was
all procured by Lindsay Light and Chemical Co., West Chicago, IL. This
COmpallT i!J also accounted for in the aforementioned listing.
Quality control of various processes in the ore/metal chain tiere done by
University of Chicago, Hetallurgy Lab, Chicago, n.;. Princeton University,
Princeton, NJ; MIT, Cambridge, I-!A; and t..”BS, Washington, DC. All these
organizations are on the aforementioned listings. ) AI .,;) L~
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.kthur ,- • Whitman, Assistant
to the Director
Bioenvironmental Sciences Division
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