1960-06 – USGS – Possible use of the quarry at Mallinckrodt Weldon Spring for the disposal of Uranium contaminated building debris, rubble and residues containing Thorium

1960-06 - USGS - Possible use of the quarry at Mallinckrodt Weldon Spring for the disposal of Uranium contaminated building debris, rubble and residues containing Thorium

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POB8ImX UBI Cl’ qtWUrr N! MALI.nCDODf Cl!XIC.U. WORIE, WELOOI SPiUIG,
.. MIBBOURI, POJl THE DiaPoo.AL OF URAJI.111 ~ BUILDillG DrJ1RIS
DD BOIBIE Alm REIWE COll’?ADIIO ‘?BQ1IIUM OD UJlA1lIUM
ll. M. JU.chardeon
U. B. Geological S~
Oak BicS«e 1 Tmmea e ee
.Tune 1.960
l.l Author i7.&tion
. 1.2 ~d
.•.. …..
l.3 Prerlowt IDTest1gat1cma
Coutenta
~ msc:RJPrIOI O’l’ WEI.JU SPRllG AREA
2.1 Location
2 2 Topogrsp~
2.3 0eo1aa
2. ~ !ydrologr .
2.41 Cllllate
2.42 Ground Vat.er
2.~, S\.u”~ace Vater
2.~31 General Caiclitiona
2.432 Uae
3. IZBCJlIP’l’IOI ISPQBJL (JI t1IWIItl( ~ 1roILDila IEBRIS
llD ~ AID llBIImS COlfllIJfIE ‘ftlaftl\ll .AID ~
l. IntroductiOll
l.l ~r1zct.1cm
:!;)’ letter ot l.pril ~’ 1960, ~. J[ema,n IL Both, ll1.rector1 lesearch and.
DeTelopment D1Tidon, Oak tic!ge Operation.a Ottice1 U. a. Atcmic Enera cc:mm1ea1on1
requeate4 tJte V. 8. Oeol.agic&l. azne,. to “C”f”al•te the ~logy
of the qu&rz”T site tmd. &driM ua u to;
l. ~e nitabll1V of t.21.e site tor the 41spoa&l. of natural
urmd.\11 (< o.zi vania content) ud nata:ral tborila (< 7.,. tborilll cante11.t) re11141ae•. . . 2. 'Dae natve llllll extent of' surface 8D4 grou.nd.--vater monitoring DeCe11a&r7 to prOT14e ..tequatA mnitorlq u4 CQDoo trol of tJl.e · 11 te 11114 i ta effect OD tu e11Ti1'0ZA!Dt. " . M part ot tM progrm of 1.un•tiptical ud9 b1' 1Jaa Ceological ~ for t.M D1rta1oc of leactor Dtnl • z nt / l:BAJC, Xr. R. IL a1char4acn ot tbe surno'. Oat ticlge ottice rt.1 te4 the .,bftotao1l Airport Ae•ichae Stor..,e 81 ta 8114 tU •1'°• ~ Plat and ~ Site OJl ICarcll 31 and ~ 1, 1960. - ... Bi~ YU lllCCC: ... n1K,,,.. Jlr. Arthur klton, Moloa ~rtaion, o.t mAet Ope:rcUcma Ottice. ~ \be -rt.it tiacNA1om Rr9 )aJ.4 1'1~ otticialA c4 tba Sto Louis lrea Ott1ce, cm>o, an4 “” Hnctro4t Cbaie&l 11ora,
Vt’aai.ila Dh1a1ca1 llel.4oa 8prillg1 111aaour1, ea p%’CJ’f”14e& l>eckgoml4 in:ronatian.
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r
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·1:
1. 2 !u?k£o’m4
Since 19116 ti. Atmic BD.era:r ec-haioa, 1Ja coaDect.ica with it. 1U’ald-.
Md thorllm rennins opentic..1 bu bee •tar1Da a ftri•V ot rea1U. a4
ratimlt.e• da ab”‘1t 21· acres o’f J’e~om.4 1All41 looate4 •tvea Bron
Brw1. awl the lllliMb laUzooM al.aaa tbe north a14e ot r..i.rt Jll1el.d1 tbe ~
port aen1rag Sto Iou.1•1 1U.8aomi.. ‘Die~ dare4 hellJd.e •,6oo 4rm9
.. ‘
of nat\lral ta.art• rea14Dea, ~ ~~ 501’85 ~ ot ‘1!12′ 2,
and lP ,o,o P’.6u tiaDa ot reaidlae• cant.jntnc 19£..7 tcu r4 •tar&l. urmim,
plua ita 4auPter pzvda:ta •.
4l!bl Ale. 1- urang1.q tor the 41.,_ai at ta DHtreba Stz.et he4 llateri&
l.a n.zi.t 1n Bto ImtiSo “- a ~(‘lml0e1 tbere 1• tllll! ~ al ~Uc
of a enuate4 75,000 cmbie Ja:rU of lndJcUac ~all rubble, wh ~ *1cb
llq be u:nmiw. ~
It bu Men ~ Uaat tM ura1a … talari• retd.daea …_ ooaa I·
zate4 W1141Jl8 ~bl.e ref9rre4 to Uoft – 41apoee4 ~ 1a .. U.w’nzP4 ClU&n7
on tJae properq- ot )Ca1J1zrekroclt ~cal ..a, •lAca ~1 IUAourio
It 11 the pm’l»O•e ~ W.. 1a;crt to p:uat tbt ~ ~1 ~
nal.•te aT&ilable 1atarmt1ca1 al t.o rec• “‘ tbll .u.ttim&l n.14 ~
tbat dala1.4 – … ‘betor.. t1ml lecS..U. 1a …
1.3 ~OUI lllfte~tic-
‘n. u, a. a.alasieal. SW••> i.. -.a. tiaw ~ 1Jnut1p1;1cu at
tM •lb ~ .,.. Ull ma at tllie I C’U’t JIS.elt nteo ‘Bia NIAil.ta rl
PilMl, v. c., .. .,,,, 1, Co Co, ~ … ~ …… r4
ll”O’Dl …. •ad – •t.E:ri ,,, u..u ….. fl’9 tM Vtllon
~ Orllll.ulce 1fa:rb I JtUMMrS, I J°IP f7 1″”9
. , .
Brovn, 1′ . Jr.., ~en IZ’O’lll4 water cOD41t1aa ill tM
vicinity or I•”rt 71.eU.1 Sto LouU1 111.aaouri, October 191i8 ..
Roberta I C )(.,I Pl”eJ..lll1Dar7 1Jm!9tjptica ~ gro-6-w,teJ’
occurrencea 1a the •lb 8pr1llp Are91 8’~ Cbaz’lea· Cl:altf’,
Miaaomi 1 vi th ttrrtMr mtes ca prob1- ot ti. ll!ldall Sprbtp
Area, 111.asom-i, ~ C. T. ~1.a1 DHmber 1951.
2 … 1 I.ocati OD
The MaJltnckrodt Chmical Varb 1a at t.he tomer Vel.4all Sprlq Ol’dn&Dce
Worka 11l St .. Charle• C0\111’t71 Mi.Houri, about 30 111.lee weat of St.. Lada.. The
Reaerration 1a bounded oa the acnztll bf tbe KUaom1. Rinr am!. to ttie eut b7
u. s. loute 61-~l .
thro\l.8h the Reservation, That part of the Reaen.tion lJ1.ng within the
200 :reet high, rise abr.;>t~ troll the riTirr1 and narrow, ehort1 ateep val.l.fJ18
extend to the nor..A. ‘:aat part or the 1’9aenaticm ~ ‘v1th1n t.he Miaaiaaipp~
~. 3 GeolOfJ
The bedl”ock that \Zllderlie• the region 11 limestone, clde~ ot Mi.aeiaa1pp1an
age , In general, the roclca dip &bout 30 teet per mile nortbeUtvard..
1!b.e •urlace ot ~ region ie e..i.o.t entire~ conred. by \DlCOUolidated •te-
~ . – .. :– ·—.-……
rial.I, consisting o-t rinr Bll\lrlua, ….. gJ.-Ci~ drift~ residlmm frca rock ‘——–2
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.f>IS ·326·91- -c:i3-r I
\”• ~”- .JS 1~*’6·1.C-/6
.e 4
2.41 Cl.illate
’11:1.e average anmtal prec1p1tatiOD at St. Charles, · ~aourl, for 4o years
1• ‘6. ~ 1~. Al>out 42 percent ot the anm11J prec1p1 tation occurs during
tbe plant grov1Jlg .-tbs, ….,. to .Augu8t 1JM:.lua1Te . Lcmg ~ spell.a are
um.wual.J tlaey are loager during the spring llOJlths than .in &n1′ other period.
~r raw &re trequen~ in the tor:a ot.th\mder ahowen, 11h1ch are occssion•
ll7 HTere1 vitl’. hail and·higb vinda LO.cal raina1 eepeci&J..4 111 late
SJ>ring and. sumer, are at tille1 exceasinJ more tba 10 illcliaa bu been re-

corded vi th.in .24 couecuti ft boure ..
2.42 Ground Water
2″~2l General Conditiou .. — In tbe Wel.doll 8priJ:J8 area ground water
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occurs 1n the all~m of tbe strea val.l.~, 1Jl ~ ~
solution ch•Jlnell and. fractures 1D liJEstaaes ot M1asias1pp1an age, an4 1n
•ame of the old.er / deeper rocka ot Ordaric1u ap., ‘!’he •ource of the water
ill all ot tbe rocb excqt tM 4.eeper OrdoTi.ciu 1• rain:t’&ll cm tu 1\Zl”face
of the 1Jmed.iate &rea. in. wwr mTe• 1’rcm areu ot h1atl elefttiaa to
point.I ot tucharge at lowr eleT&tica… Measurement at water. lrtela 1a
‘Rlla b7 the Qeolog1aal ~ 1D41cate that &ll.1 ar mar~ aJ.l.1 at.ta
IJX”(>ilmA Wt.er Uthe uea JIDl’th Of t.M JUH1es1pp1·1U.••oazoi 41Tiaa U 4,U..
ch&rp4 1llto ~m.e ud. atlaer ~ creeb u4 tbmM into t.M IU.a•U•iJ’Pi.
8cMth ot the topocrsplU.c tin.61 tbe water i.ni. aow a 4’tmlwrd. trad. ill
the 41.rect1ca r4 tba 111a80Vi an4, ~refore, jncHcata w• at ~ tJae
gr\AIDl •ter t.o tbt m..aoarlo
· ….. :.: . . .:- …..
.f/./S – 326-“11- -0 3r
SF,1JtrS ~S /f>a< II- (,.(,1)- 16 .. "'- ........ . 2w422 Use,.-- The m.oat important 80\U"C'el ot ground Yater 111 the area '· G'9 the e&D4a and gra-rel.8 that underlie the silt &.Umg the flood. plain.01: , .. ... ,:· the Mi.Houri River-... 'Dae well t1el4 suppl1'1ng the plant vitJl wter is on the north be.Dk ot the Miaaouri imlecliate~ dowatreaa tl"aa the llDUth ot 7eme Osage ... ' Creek.. In t.h11 well fiel.d th.ere are eleTen gravel-packed. wells, 1B 1.w::hee 1n diaieter, all about 100 t'eet 4eep and ea.ch vith about. 40 feet of screen. 'J!ke 1088 of these wile shov 11lt to a depth ot 20 teet, tol.l.cNed by some 80 feet ot sa.nd a.n.cl gravel, >. th1.n bed. ot blue chir 1a tound near the bot.. .
tea, about 80 teet trcm the s\tt”h.ce, and bedrock at uout 100 ‘feet .,, At present
tCNr wells are in operating. candi ti on. Each y1.el dal about 2200 gal.lcma per
llinute. Present vater use 1.e 6 to 7 a::Ul.iOD pllom per dq,
Quantities ot ini.ter au.tticient tor d.am!at1c use cu general.17 be obt&
i.De4 trc:a veil.a dr111.ed into ~ M1H1se 1ppiu U..6toue. !DRftr 1 such
wU.. are reported t o tail dur1Da lo11g period.I of dJ.7 wa~w
‘!!le St … Peter sandatane of OrdoTioiu ap that lmd.erllea the &re& 1a a
·”dependable ao’1rce or d~1tic aupplJ. IQe to relat1 nl.7 1Jllperaable coa.:t1n-
1:ag bed.11 water 1n the St ~ Peter eandltone occur• under artesian condition.
and rises teTere.l. hundred teet in veli. vbich :penetrate the ea.nd in th11 area ..
2.43 6\ut’ace Water
2~ ~31 Genen:J. Co!lditiOM.•- ‘1’» aortMni part_ ot tlae area u 4raimcl
b7° Dl.rd.enne Creek, • tribut&17 to M1a118a1pp1 Mft.r, azs4 tbe 10\l’tbern part
b7 7em.e Ola&e Creek, 11hich t’low 1.nto XUsouri ltiftr ..
!be mare st gll61J:lg eta tio:n on the Mia 1ouri R1 ftr u at !eftl&Jl, Mia 10\lrl, ·
about 50 aile• upstreaa trc:a llel.dc:m ~. Oftr • ~,-ear rec:or4 (l~l~)
at W.a stat1cm1 the &Te~ discharge vu 69,1’10 eta, t.be ma.··.::hm• &TeHP
da.i.l.;r d.iacbars- vu 5771 000 cte (Aprll ~, 19″),· &D4 the a:1n1n• vu lt-1200 c~•
I• (JUDe 10-12, 19~) ~
.f>IS -326-9?- – ti3?-
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-. ,. … … ·.. · .-e • < • • • t; . ~~ .2S /Ba<~ 6-l.C-16 .. ,.._ . -.., . ... :. .. _~,.::· ..- ..·~ .. - .\· _ -· ... , . . . ... ~ ... ·· .. · .. -.... ~ ·: .. ... -· .· . . :· .. . .. ~ .. ·: ..: ...: · ., ' ' . . ~~'":;- .. aippi Riftr .at St~ LouU .,,.. 1761 50() C!IJ1 the • .x1•a 4&117 di~· WS . · - .. l,0191 000 eta (June 10, ll, · 1903)1 and the mJn1 .. vu lB,0()9..,d.. • {.D ae., 21-23, . l.863)w ... 2.i.32 Uae ;.. ~ ~llc water evppl.1' .t o. r tbe c1fi7 ot st. . LOW.. an4 ,. .st. ...t oui• .Cowrt7·1.a obtaimd 1"rca tbe. ltiHOurt ~ ~ai.8. aipp1 Riftm. 'ftR . inlets tor the St ... Loui• Vaterwora IOWIU"Cl Boa4 Statioa u4 Jl1:ce st&tica. aerrlng the oom:i:tT are Oil tbe south bank at tbe IUuoa:ri lti:nr 1 . •ca. .1 1 u4 ..,.... . :'"' lJ. 1/. 2 llile~ ciom.~ reispec:ti'ft~1 tl'ca t.h!9. VeUon SpriJtg ~1te. · '1'.b9 ., .., . . .... .. · 1.n.let of the other St. tom.a VatCWorb u ' ca th9 wa~: ~.--or the M1as1 ... . · .. s ippi R1 nr just dcnma tre• trcm tbe cba1A of locb Toll Brldp .. / ; _.{ U>cat1c:m ‘
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S ci-rr1 11 located aa the aortJl 11Ge at Pmm O…l. .p C. reek, .1-41-
atel.7 below 1 t .• coatluence vi th Lt ttle ~ Olap Creek BDd abeut l 1/2 mil~•
upatreaa f’rca MiHO’Ul’i lher. ‘?bl area 1a ahawn CC the U, 8. Oeological
.Bun”ey .Auguata Qadragl.e1 Miasouri1 15-111.nute .eri.e•, 1162,500, u4 ta.e
Weldon Spring Qmdrugl.e, 1Ua1ovi, T l/2-BimrtA Mriea, 1:241000 ..
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, ., 2 ‘Fopogr!PbaT
The qUA1’T7 1a on & ridge ar q back, the C1″eat ot *1.~–~.~
eut… Tbe vidt.la or the ric!p u a1KMt 1,000 t.et. ~ elefttiaa of the
top of the ridp ruse• 1’rca about 550 to 570 !Mt abaft lllSL. ‘1’o the •C*th
the ridp clrope off~ to~ fl.oo& pl.ais of tJa.e Jaallovi Biftr &t
about ele’ftt1on 450. ~o Uae north it d11HceD4a an Patq to t11ie ftllq
at an =__. tr1bwt&:r7 ~ Little :re.. o..p Creelto
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‘·~ Qf!o!.oq
‘l’be r14ge aa llhich tl:Mt ~ u locat.e4 u ‘lm&!er.1&1a b1’ tlle ~
,_ ~hall! partaga, The st:rat.a expoae4 ill the qml”l’7 ~ hari&catal.1 but
prob&b~ con1’ora to the regSTe either into or out at the
··~
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‘? .fWS .. 326- 91- -03″?- I ~~18’$ .2S //!>at.~ 6 -{,1)-16
wA .- 4i'”. . ~ -._.. ‘ . . • 9 ..- ” .: ::z:;::_
2., Imtall atatt pge and water atap recarder 1a ~ …
3.. nrill 2 U (>-1Jia cliamter) eare ~, lOO t..t deep • . Om •Cl’ltth
at .. \ISn’T ,21St utt ~ Main r..t.., th. other .,.111t .ortJl at ~ ~ . Botb
ho.lee loca~4 about .miapoiat. of flU&r1’7”• mJor u:1a.
_. ~terillg t’b.e cimrr7 at a kDDlm mt. u4 ·Obeerrl..n& cbM&’IH ot ele-o
ntiaa o~ water leTela 1.a tla.e q\arr7 u4 obserrat1cm welh before, during,
. ,,.
&lid after 4evater1.n,g1 in::ror11&t1c:m u to probabl.a rat.e• ot mittlow trc. t.he
q\arT1’ ca be obtaine11,
5., C